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Abstract/ TL;DR

The new standard should find fair use for videos that are an hour or more if

  1. use of the copyrighted work does not exceed 30% of the total length of the sound recording per hour of watch time; and
  2. whose use is accompanied by other sounds and series of images that normally accompany an audiovisual work.

For videos less than an hour,

  1. use of the copyrighted work must not exceed 15% of the total length of the sound recording per…

Photo by Sander Crombach on Unsplash

Dear Israel (the government, not the people):

There is this not-so-old, not-so-poignant quote that goes something like this: “With great power comes great responsibility.”

Yes, a Spider-Man reference, but it should be taken seriously. Because I will not hit a child who, in his rage, pours juice on my new shoes. Sure, I might kill an annoying fly or two — but the Palestinians are not flies, they are humans and must be treated with justice and truth.

Dear Israel, your land is blessed and aged, steeped in blood and earth. …

Photo by Danial Igdery on Unsplash

My eyes were glued to my computer screen, trying to make sense of percentage distributions in Inheritance Law when I decided that I should perform the seemingly more difficult task of writing a program that would distribute portions of inheritance to family members. I popped upon and threw something together that more or less worked. Why did I feel the need to make a calculator? There are numerous calculators out there. The world certainly does not need another one.

Well, I think it was partially to prove to myself that I can still work my way around some basic…

On January 9, 2007, Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone to a buzzing crowd of Apple enthusiasts. It was the mark of a paradigm shift, because it ushered in the age of apps. But a much larger paradigm shift had occurred years before in 1996. At the headquarters of Compaq Computer, two executives, George Falvaro and Sean O’Sullivan, drafted a term called “cloud computing,” according to research conducted by Technology Review. Years later, technology companies like Oracle and IBM fought for sole ownership of “cloud computing.” Still, many speculate the name was coined in 2006 by Google’s CEO Eric Schmidt.


Photo by Corleone Brown on Unsplash

On August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King jr. delivered his iconic “I have a dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Though the speech addressed the sweltering discrimination against African Americans at the time, its call for justice is universal. To prove the universality of the speech, I will appropriate the contents of the speech to fit within the context of the Israeli/Palestine conflict.

One century ago, Israel sprang forth and became a democratic nation, “a beacon of light of hope” to the Middle East, a home of freedom to many. But one century later, the Palestinians are…

Photo by Ahmed Abu Hameeda on Unsplash

They sit there, staring — silent in their vigil,

flat chests unmoving,

blank faces unseeing.

For whom or what do they



whilst smoke and fire

tug and pull

life and death


They sit there now, voices bursting in a staccato

of discordant labial and dental flaps,

surrounded and suffocated by the cacophony

of combustion and quakes.

For whom or what did they bear

the stonecutters, the whistlers, the shooting stars?

I stumble along the rubble,

rubble that once sheltered a family,

the family in the viral video shared round the world.

A single yarn of fabric catches…

Photo by visuals on Unsplash

It was a cold, crisp day on February 9, 1950, when Senator Joe McCarthy waived a “damning” piece of paper before the Ohio County Women’s Club in Wheeling, West Virginia.

“I have here in my hand,” he said, “a list of two hundred [State Department employees] that were known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping the policy of the State Department.”

Senator McCarthy then proceeded to fly round the country telling anyone who would listen that he had a blacklist full of nefarious government employees. Several…

A few days ago, I opened up my Linkedin profile and was greeted with a Facebook clone. It seems like websites are all pushing towards a singular design that is mobile first — fat headers and cute icons are all the rage now. But that’s not because these designers are part of a cabal bent on taking over the world with eye-catching designs.

It’s because Google is really pushing Progressive Web Apps, a way to fix the distribution problems faced by app development. The costs involved in app development and the resulting overhead can kill profitability. To fix this, web…

You can think of a JavaScript class as a house that contain variables and functions. The same reason we use a variable to store numbers is the same reason we use a class to store functions; we want to be able to create a pattern that allows us to reuse information in an efficient way.

But classes are special because they work like a blue print for other people to use and build cool things with. For example, I can have a class that’s called Warrior.

I can “instantiate” or create an object of the class by writing:

let bruceLee…

Raji Ayinla

Legal Assistant at Cervantes Law; Online Editor of New England Law Review; JD candidate 2022; Owner of; email queries to

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